Few things can be as irritating as messy menstruation and an irregular cycle. Too long or too short, too thick, or just a few specks. In women, menstrual regularity provides information about general health, and changes in the duration or pattern of menstruation can unbalance our daily lives and become a great concern.
The regular menstrual cycle is the result of a complex interaction between hormones and reproductive organs in a woman's body. In general, a regular menstrual cycle lasts an average of 28 days, although it can vary between 21 and 35 days. During the cycle, the body prepares for the possibility of pregnancy, and if conception does not occur, the lining of the uterus is shed in the form of menstruation.
Does your period disappear more than necessary? Or have the cycles become shorter and shorter? Something may be happening in that delicate balance that is our body and it is important to pay attention.
When menstruation disappears or the cycle lengthens
The menstrual cycle is regulated by a delicate interplay of hormones, and any disturbance in this balance can have an impact on the regularity of your period. Several factors can contribute to hormonal imbalances, including chronic stress, obesity, sudden weight gain or loss, thyroid disorders, conditions like PCOS, and of course, pregnancy. In case of absence of bleeding, the first thing to rule out is pregnancy.
These conditions can alter the production and balance of hormones in your body, directly affecting the regularity of your menstrual cycle.
For example, low estrogen levels can cause irregular menstrual cycles or no menstruation. On the other hand, high levels of hormones such as progesterone can prolong the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle, delaying the arrival of the period.
Stress: When we are under a lot of stress, our body releases hormones like cortisol, which can affect our hormonal balance. Increased cortisol can interfere with the production of other hormones needed to regulate the menstrual cycle, such as estrogen and progesterone. This can make periods irregular or even skip a few months.
Furthermore, chronic stress can have other negative effects on the body that can also influence the regularity of menstruation. Prolonged stress can affect the immune system, weakening the body's defenses and making it more vulnerable to disease.
Sudden changes in weight: Body weight can have a major impact on the regularity of the menstrual cycle in women. Both significant weight loss and sudden weight gain can upset the hormonal balance necessary for a regular menstrual cycle. When a person loses a lot of weight quickly, the body can experience an imbalance in hormones, especially those related to ovulation and menstruation. This can lead to an interruption or even the absence of menstruation, this is something that is frequently observed in dancers and high-performance athletes, in whom their body fat index drops to very low levels.
On the other hand, sudden weight gain can also affect the menstrual cycle. Excess body fat produces additional hormones that can upset the normal hormonal balance. This can result in irregular or heavier periods. Also, excess fat can lead to a condition called insulin resistance, where the body has a hard time processing sugar properly.
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a common hormonal condition that can affect the regularity of the menstrual cycle in women. Instead of releasing a mature egg each month, the ovaries of women with PCOS may produce multiple follicles that do not fully develop, forming small cysts. This can lead to hormonal imbalances, particularly an increase in the levels of male hormones called androgens.
Higher-than-normal levels of androgens can interfere with the signals in the brain that normally cause ovulation, so ovulation does not occur regularly, and it is quite common for women with PCOS to also have insulin resistance. .
Polyps or fibroids: Another possible cause could be the presence of uterine polyps or fibroids. In the case of fibroids, they are benign tumors in the uterus composed mainly of muscle tissue and fibrous tissue.
Uterine polyps are tumors attached to the inner wall of the uterus that expand inside. Uterine polyps, also known as endometrial polyps, form as a result of the overgrowth of cells in the lining of the uterus (endometrium).
Both in the case of fibroids and polyps, the symptoms are the same (abundant abnormal bleeding or out of cycle), the difference is the origin of the lesion.
They can vary in size and number, from small and single to large and multiple. It is important to note that not everyone with fibroids will experience symptoms or significant menstrual changes. The impact on menstruation can vary widely between individuals and will depend on the location and size of the fibroids and polyps as well as other individual factors.
The treatment for each case is different so the main thing is to visit the specialist.
The arrival of menopause: During the transition period that occurs before menopause and can last several years, hormone levels fluctuate and the regularity of the menstrual cycle can be affected. The so-called perimenopause can manifest itself with changes in the duration, frequency and amount of menstrual flow. Some people may experience shorter or longer cycles, heavier or lighter periods, and even skipped periods.
What to do to recover my normal cycle?
An irregularity four or five days apart can happen to anyone, but it's crucial to seek medical attention if menstrual irregularity persists or worsens. A specialist doctor, preferably a gynecologist or gynecologist, will be able to assess your individual situation and determine the underlying cause of abnormal menstrual changes. Through a physical exam, blood tests, and possibly additional tests such as ultrasound, which can rule out possible underlying conditions, such as pregnancy, hormonal imbalances, blood clotting disorders, or structural problems in the uterus.
Seeing a doctor is especially important if you are experiencing extremely long or heavy menstrual cycles, bleeding between periods, severe pelvic pain, or any other worrisome symptoms.
Improving your diet, practicing exercises and meditating will not only help you lose weight but also control insulin and cortisol levels, which regulate the cycle in cases of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).
In addition to improving your lifestyle, we recommend that you accompany your diet with Zenzsual's Menstrual Zen intake and our CBD Zen.
Menstrual Zen is a natural, hormone-free supplement that, thanks to its vitamins, minerals, and plants, helps you:
- Improve mood swings during menstruation.
- Reduce inflammation and fluid retention.
- Relieve belly pain and headache.
- Studies show beneficial effects in women with PCOS.
For its part, CBD Zen tincture can help regulate the release of stress hormones such as cortisol, which reduces its physiological effects on the body (including menstrual irregularities). This can lead to a calmer state and better stress management.
Medical trials have shown that in the correct dose, CBD extract can help with hormonal balance, relaxation, and boost the immune system.
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Listen and pay attention to your body and keep a report on your menstrual cycle, sudden changes are signs that something is happening and we must always be attentive.