Finding your Way Through Chronic Pain: A Guide for Improved Wellbeing

Pain is a signal from the nervous system that something is wrong. Sometimes it can be an unpleasant sensation, such as stinging, tingling, stinging, burning, or discomfort. Other times it can be high-pitched or dull. Many more people than you might imagine experience persistent pain that can last for months or even years.

When this pain persists more than 3 months after the triggering cause has ceased, it is its own entity and can be considered chronic pain and a disease in itself. In Spain, for example, 32% of the adult population suffers from some type of pain. The prevalence of chronic pain reaches 17% of the population. Are you one of those people who lives with chronic pain?

This article is designed to help you understand what chronic pain is, what causes it, and how you can manage it effectively.

What is Chronic Pain?

Chronic pain is pain that persists for 12 weeks or more, despite treatment and medication. It can be present all the time or come and go, affecting any part of the body. Unlike acute pain, which is a normal response of the nervous system to a possible injury, chronic pain can continue even after the initial injury has healed.

Chronic pain can interfere with your daily activities, such as working, having a social life, and caring for yourself or others. It can also lead to depression, anxiety, and sleep problems, which can further aggravate the pain, creating a cycle that is difficult to break.

What could be causing that pain?

Chronic pain can have multiple origins. Here are some of the most common causes:

Underlying Medical Conditions: Diseases such as arthritis, fibromyalgia, and chronic migraines may be responsible for persistent pain.

Previous Injuries: A past accident or injury that did not heal properly can lead to chronic pain.

Back Problems: Disorders in the spine, herniated discs or spinal stenosis are common causes of chronic pain.

Neuropathic Problems: Damage to the nerves due to diabetes or infections can result in neuropathic pain.

Psychological Factors: Stress, anxiety and depression can amplify the perception of pain.

Who is affected by chronic pain?

Women tend to have more chronic pain than men and are at higher risk for many conditions that cause pain. It is typical among adults and some people have two or more diseases that cause chronic pain, which further complicates its management.

Symptoms of chronic pain

Recognizing the symptoms is crucial to seeking the appropriate treatment. Common symptoms include:

  • Constant or intermittent pain that persists for months
  • Burning or stinging sensations
  • Rigidity and reduced mobility
  • Chronic fatigue
  • Sleep disturbances

What to do to manage chronic pain?

Managing chronic pain requires a comprehensive approach that combines several methods. Here are some effective strategies:

Medical treatment

Medications: Pain relievers, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and neuropathic pain medications.

Physical Therapies: Exercises led by a physical therapist can improve mobility and reduce pain.

Alternative Approaches

Acupuncture: This ancient practice can help relieve chronic pain in some people.

Chiropractic: Spinal adjustments can be beneficial for back problems.

Therapeutic Massages: They help relax muscles and improve circulation.

Lifestyle modifications

Regular Exercise: Activities such as walking, swimming or yoga can strengthen muscles and improve flexibility.

Healthy Diet: Maintaining a balanced, nutrient-rich diet can improve overall health and reduce inflammation.

Sleep Hygiene: Getting good sleep is essential for recovery and pain management.

Psychological Support

Therapy_ Working with therapists can help you change negative thought patterns and better manage pain.

Support Groups: Sharing experiences with other people who suffer from chronic pain can be very comforting.

Relaxation Techniques

Meditation and Mindfulness: These techniques are ideal for reducing stress and improving pain perception.

Deep Breathing: It can help relax the body and reduce muscle tension.


Practical tips for everyday life

Maintain an Exercise Routine: Although it may be difficult, gentle exercise can improve your fitness and reduce pain.

Set Realistic Goals: Don't push yourself too hard. Small advances are better than none.

Use Self-Help Tools: Pillow warmers, ergonomic chairs, and other devices can provide relief.

Take a dropper of CBD oil: CBD extract oil (which has no psychoactive components) is widely known for its analgesic and relaxing properties. It can certainly help you relieve pain.

Keep a Pain Diary: Record when and where you feel pain, which can help identify patterns and triggers.

Living with chronic pain is challenging, but with the right information and a comprehensive approach, it can be managed effectively. You are not alone on this path; Seek support from health professionals and your community. Remember, every small step towards relief counts and brings you closer to a better quality of life.


Sources consulted:

https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/4798-chronic-pain

https://www.mayoclinichealthsystem.org/hometown-health/speaking-of-health/8-tips-for-managing-chronic-pain#:~:text=Coping%20strategies,Participate%20in%20meaningful%20activities .

https://medlineplus.gov/spanish/chronicpain.html

https://cinfasalud.cinfa.com/p/dolor-cronico/


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